The Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) II European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) East Countries Programme supports participating countries’ forest governance. At the regional level, the Programme aims to implement the 2005 St. Petersburg FLEG Ministerial Declaration and support countries to commit to a time-bound action plan; at the national level the Programme will review or revise forest sector policies and legal and administrative structures; and improve knowledge of and support for sustainable forest management and good forest governance in the participating countries, and at the sub-national (local) level the Programme will test and demonstrate best practices for sustainable forest management and the feasibility of improved forest governance practices at the field-level on a pilot basis. Participating countries include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, and Ukraine. The Programme is funded by the European Union.
How did FLEG come about?
In 2005, representatives of 44 governments signed the St. Petersburg Declaration, committing themselves to address illegal logging and improve forest governance. Momentum towards strengthening forest law enforcement and governance in the ENPI region grew when, in 2008, the EC, the World Bank, WWF and IUCN teamed up to implement the first ENPI FLEG Program (2008-2012, 6 million EUR).
The ENPI Forest Law Enforcement and Governance II (FLEG II) Program (2012-2016, 9 million EUR) builds on the first ENPI FLEG I Program to support good forest governance, sustainable forest management and forest protection in the ENPI East region.
In particular, the Program supports participating countries to:
- Continue the implementation of the 2005 St. Petersburg FLEG Ministerial Declaration and up-scaling of successes of the ENPI East FLEG I project.
- Formulate and implement sustainable forest policies, including legal and administrative reforms for sustainable forest management and protection increase capacity.
- Demonstrate the best sustainable forest management practices in targeted areas, for further replication.
What does the FLEG II Program do?
The regional “European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) East Countries Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) II Program" promotes sustainable forest governance, management, and protection of forests in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
The Program ensures the contribution of the region's forests to climate change adaptation and mitigation, to ecosystems and biodiversity protection, and to sustainable livelihoods and income sources for local populations and national economies.
The Program builds on and further develops initiatives and activities undertaken during implementation of the first EC funded ENPI FLEG Program (2008-2012) and is part of the European Union's Eastern Partnership and a key part of the Environment Governance Pillar.
This program is funded by the European Commission and is implemented by the World Bank in partnership with WWF and IUCN over a four year’ period (2013-2016).
The European Union is the world's largest donor of official development assistance. The European Commission’s Directorate General for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) manages the bulk of the Union’s financial and technical assistance to the neighbourhood and enlargement countries. By implementing assistance actions in Europe's eastern and southern neighbourhood, DG NEAR supports reform and democratic consolidation, and strengthens the prosperity, stability and security around Europe. DG NEAR helps to promote EU values, policies and interests in this region, and to contribute to developing the special relationship of the EU with its neighbouring countries.