The report is the interim second year report of the FLEG II project assignment “Improving legislative framework and law enforcement practices within the hunting sector of Ukraine” and is a continuation of the previous year study, the results of which are outlined in the report “Analysis of the legislative framework of hunting industry of Ukraine and development of improved proposals”.
The report is presented in Ukrainian and in English (separate documents) and consists of 6 sections, an introduction, and 7 annexes.
General analysis of the legal hunting framework of the EU countries is presented in the section 2 including an overview of Council Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds (relevant extraction of the text is presented in the annex 1); Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (extracts presented in the annex 2); Council Directive 91/477/EEC on the control of the acquisition and possession of firearms; Council Directive 2002/99/EC laying down the animal health rules governing the production, processing, distribution and introduction of products of animal origin for human consumption; Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA); Guide to Sustainable Hunting under the Birds Directive; and the European Chapter in Hunting and Biodiversity.
The section 3 outlines the specifics of analyzed the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement in relation to hunting industry, which highlights the affecting issue of economic cooperation, public medical concerns, environment conditions including implementation the Directive 2009/147/EC on the conservation of wild birds and the Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora into national law. Important parts of the document are presented in the annex 3).
In the section 4, a comparative analysis of legislation and practice of hunting in Ukraine and neighboring EU countries (Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary) is done. In particular: comparative analysis of their legal framework; hunting and game management; hunting fauna and conservation specifics of rare and endangered species; legal and practical aspects of the relationships between hunters and local communities. A case studies and the examples are outlined in the relevant annexes 4-6, the information for which was collected during the study tour to Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary during one week in spring 2015 (http://www.enpi-fleg.org/news/fleg2-helps-state-forest-resource-agency-of-ukraine-professionals-and-the-programme-experts-to-study-good-hunting-management/). As the result of this trip a workshop was organized on May 13, 2015 in Lviv (http://www.enpi-fleg.org/news/fleg-ii-workshop-on-international-experience-and-development-of-hunting-in-ukraine/, http://www.fleg.org.ua/news/911 - in Ukrainian), the resolution of participants is presented in the annex 7.
General analysis of hunting management efficiency in foreign countries is presented in the section 5, including such states as Germany, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, USA, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland.
Also in the section 6, a national specific experience is presented for the Galicia (Halychyna) region in late XIX - early XX and compared for its relevance for state hunting regulation in modern Ukraine.
Key proposals for adapting positive experience in state hunting management from the European Union are outlined in the section 7, as well as an example of a roadmap for the legislative resolution of the urgent problems.