The report is the final second year report of the FLEG II project assignment “Improving legislative framework and law enforcement practices within the hunting sector of Ukraine” and is a continuation of the previous year activity, the results of which are outlined in the report “Analysis of the legislative framework of hunting industry of Ukraine and development of improved proposals” and is compiled after the second year interim 94 pages report “Analysis of legislation and practice of hunting in some EU countries”.
This report is presented in Ukrainian and in English (separate documents) and consists of 5 main sections, an introduction, conclusions, and 14 annexes (presented only in Ukrainian – 211 pages).
Main statistics, an economy situation, game quantity and bagging are explained in the current state of the hunting management conditions in Ukraine section (2) of the report.
Section 3 outlines the necessity and principles of reformation of the hunting industry in Ukraine, including the goal and main objectives, problematic issues, and the principles of hunting management model improvement.
The key section of this report is the section # 4, which explains major components of proposed new model of hunting in Ukraine, its directions and ways to implement the model. The section contains information on legal regulations and enforcement; general suggestions of how the state management structure could be improved including hunting management establishment in state enterprises (forestry, gaming, etc.), state administration of hunting industry on the territory of all users, combating poaching strategy – mainly by organizing a Hunting Guard, state control, and law enforcement; hunting ground users characteristics and their main role; a model of non-government representative body of hunting ground users – the “Union”; organization of hunting model and the relationship with local communities; optimization and rational use of hunting grounds; environmentally sustainable game extraction (p. 22), which impose restriction on gaming until the certain number of animals is met within the hunting unit; breeding; game resettlement specifics; protection of hunting grounds; the proposal to introduce the list of game species into national Law on Hunting; regulation specifics of species that unwanted on the territory of hunting grounds; improvement strategy in the hunting techniques and methods; game preserves establishment details; specifics of preserving rare and Red Book listed species of fauna during hunting management and gaming; facilitation of the development of hunting tourism; hunting management staff problems and their addressing; scientific support of hunting management; harmonization of Ukrainian legislation on hunting with the EU regulations requirements; hunting ethics, culture, and traditions – directions to improve.
Financial security and economic efficiency of the introduction of the proposed model are outlined in the section 5.
The 6 section presents a mechanism for possible model implementation.
General conclusions are presented in the section # 7, which indicate that in Ukraine, due to the low population of wild game species, their bagging is hundreds of times lower than that in EU countries, trophy hunting is not developed, a hunting culture and training are very patchy, science and public outreach is very law. Development of the hunting industry can be encouraged by complete involvement of primary hunting groups of Ukrainian hunting association in the economic process (that currently are not business entities), optimization of size of hunting grounds, payments for its use, poaching and autocracy fighting, other law improvements indicated in the model description in the section 4.
The annex 1 presents draft proposals for legislative regulation of problems in hunting finalized after the key stakeholder discussions held on July 2015 (http://www.enpi-fleg.org/news/discussing-the-fleg-ii-proposals-for-improving-the-hunting-model-in-ukraine/).
The rest of the annexes represent the drafts of national legislative documents, the approval of which should improve the conditions of hunting management in broad variety of topics, such as: determination of the value of land for hunting purposes (easements); order of establishing the fee conditions for the use of hunting grounds; size and order of payment for the use of hunting grounds; inventory of the main types of hunting fauna; introduction, maintenance and breeding of wild animals in semi wild conditions; organization and functioning of the game preserve with the aim of game extraction; rules of hunting and handling of weapons; sale of hunting products (services); hunting trophies; strategy and tactics of state hunting fund protection and the fight against poaching; completing the state statistical observation report; standard report on the annual hunting activities by the hunting ground user; methodology and compensation for losses caused by animals.