The guide-book contains the information on the key aspects of the forestry companies’ activity and the most common conflicts which occur in them. There are also solutions proposed to these situations. The main attention is focused on the rights of local authorities and communities in the forest management and the mechanisms to ensure them. The annexes contain extracts from the legislation in the field of forestry and other useful practical information for the local authorities as well as the local communities. The purpose of the guide is to make better the collaboration and the openness of all the stakeholders; it will improve the sustainability of the communal forests.